The first American colonists came from the more advanced England and other western European countries, which had also been occupied by the Romans. In the mid 1800s famine and dissatisfaction caused millions of Scottish/ Irish to migrate to America. They were not well received and many moved on to the Southeastern U.S. where they continued a clannish anti-government social order, much as they had is Scotland and Ireland. They enlarged slavery and agriculture, but again lagged far behind the North in education, industrialization and social progress.
This societal difference became obvious during the Civil War when the South was overwhelmed by the North’s superior arms industry and transportation system. For a hundred years after the Civil War, the South did not educate its people for an industrial society.
The Great Depression and World War II took millions of young people out of the south and showed them a different way of living. Many migrated to the upper Midwest and the West Coast.
To this day, political philosophy in the South lags behind the Northeast and the West Coast. Every progressive action by government such as the abolition of slavery, woman suffrage and civil rights has been opposed by the states of the old Confederacy. The people of the South have paid dearly for their resistance to change. Wages, living standards and levels of education still lag behind the rest of the country.
The 2,000 years of Scot/Irish resistance to Rome, the English Crown and American central government has cost much and achieved little. If it were not for northern immigration to the south and the vast oil and gas fields of Texas, Oklahoma and Louisiana the South would still be just one big Alabama/Mississippi.
The South is changing. Education is the primal force for progress. National and international communication systems are exposing southerners to new ideas and attitudes. However, you can still see the Southern preference for dogma over fact, in the extremely conservative broadcasters and writers, who greatly profit from their promotion of one conspiracy theory after another. The south continues to resist federal taxation in spite of the fact that they receive more federal aid and benefits that the rest of the country.