— From Staff and Wire Reports
Parker County is still home to one of the wealthiest Americans.
Alice Walton, who operates a horse ranch near Millsap, was listed at No. 8 on Forbes Magazine’s ranking of the wealthiest Americans. The listing places the Walmart heiress’ current wealth at $33.5 billion.
Besides her horse ranch, the magazine highlighted Walton’s Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, which she founded in 2011, saying the Bentonville, Ark., museum eclipsed 1 million visitors in under two years of operation. The museum includes works spanning five centuries from Andy Warhol, Norman Rockwell, Georgia O’Keeffe and others, and some of the pieces Walton is said to have donated herself from her personal collection.
Four members of the Walton family made Forbes’ top 10 list of American billionaires, but the magazine calls Alice Walton the family’s “biggest philanthropist,” having given more than $2 million in 2012 to support charter school initiatives. She and her siblings have also donated about $2 billion to the Walton Family Foundation over the last five years. Since last year, she has reportedly received more than $350 million in Walmart dividends after taxes.
Topping the Forbes list of America’s wealthiest people was Microsoft co-founder and chairman Bill Gates at $72 billion, up from $66 billion a year ago, who the magazine said has reclaimed the title of world’s richest person.
According to Forbes, 273 members of the list are self-made billionaires, while 71 inherited their wealth and another 56 inherited at least some of it but are still growing it.
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg returned to the list’s top 20 after dropping out the year before. His net worth of $19 billion earned him the No. 20 spot.
Facebook co-founder Dustin Moskovitz also made the list, at No. 85,with a net worth of $5.2 billion. At age 29 and just a few days younger the Zuckerberg, Moskovitz ranks as the youngest member of the list.
On the flip side, the oldest person on the list is 98-year-old David Rockefeller Sr. at No. 193 with a net worth of $2.8 billion.
A total of 20 new people joined the rankings, including Richard Yuengling Jr. of Pennsylvania beer maker D.G. Yuengling & Son, who ranked at No. 371 with $1.4 billion.
Twenty-eight people dropped off the list, including six who died. Those now falling short of the cut include energy tycoon T. Boone Pickens at $950 million, Graham Weston of Rackspace Hosting Inc. at $920 million and Washington Redskins owner Dan Snyder at $1.2 billion.
A total of 48 women made the list including Hyatt Hotels heir Jennifer Pritzker at No. 327.
Formerly known as James Pritzker, she’s the list’s first transgendered member.
According to Forbes, the 400 people on the annual list posted a combined net worth of $2 trillion, up from $1.7 trillion a year ago. That marks their highest combined value ever.
Meanwhile, the average net worth of the list’s members rose to $5 billion, also the highest ever, up from $4.2 billion in 2012. Net worth grew for 314 members and fell for 30, Forbes said.
The increases aren’t surprising, given that net worth for America’s wealthiest people has risen in the years since the financial crisis, widening the gap between the exceptionally well-to-do and the rest of the country.
According to a study of Internal Revenue Service figures released last week, the top 1 percent of U.S. earners collected 19.3 percent of household income in 2012, their largest share in IRS figures going back a century.
U.S. income inequality has been growing for almost three decades. But until last year, the top 1 percent’s share of pre-tax income had not yet surpassed the 18.7 percent it reached in 1927, according to the analysis done by economists at the University of California, Berkeley, the Paris School of Economics and Oxford University.
Some economists have speculated that the incomes of the wealthy might have surged in the past year, because they cashed in stock holdings to avoid higher capital gains taxes that kicked in in January.
See the Forbes 400 list at www.forbes.com/forbes400.